February Half Term Ancient Rome!

chester rome

The town of Chester-le-street can trace its origins back to the days of the Romans.

Underneath modern day Chester-le-street lie the remains of Roman military occupation. Known as Concangis Roman Fort. This was the Roman name for Chester-le-street. It is Celtic origin, which means ‘the Horse People’.

This first fort was built in the early second century AD, from clay and timber. The main building is the Commanders House, later used as a bath house. Other structures include a military parade ground, a granary, and the fort gates. A Roman bridge has been found, coins, altars and inscriptions and a tile with a dogs footprint on, have been discovered. It is likely that as well as the fort, a civilian settlement also grew up in the area.

Roman Crowns and Wreaths were used for many different purposes, including funeral decorations, Festival and Triumphal decorations, Rewards for military successes and Rewards for excellence

The Roman Crowns and Wreaths worn by Emperors were called Corona Radiata. These were also given to the gods and heroes.

There were several different types of crowns and wreaths that were bestowed when a great Roman was awarded a Triumph. A Triumph was recognised as a great military glory and was the ambition of every Roman general.

We made roman wreath crowns…


Roman Mosaics were popular in public buildings and homes, and many examples can be seen today. Mosaics were made from hundreds of small pieces of coloured stones and gems put together to make a picture.

Mosaics were used for many different reasons. As well as being used for decoration, they provided a strong surface for walking on, and were also sometimes used as advertisements or signs.

The Romans favourite pets were dogs, birds, pigeons, ducks and geese. These animals can be seen in many Roman mosaics.

We made roman mosaic pictures with potato stamps…


There were many kinds of Roman shields used by legionaries (soldiers). Earlier on they were oval and flat, but at the time of the invasion of Britain in AD43, most were rectangular and curved.

The shields were mostly made of wood – a few layers glued together to make the curved shape. Some extra strips of wood were glued on the back for more strength. The shield was then covered in leather and a sheet of linen cloth added to the front. Designs were usually painted onto the front.

There were many designs, but one of the most famous is the eagle’s wings and lightning bolt. The eagle was the symbol of the Roman army, and the lightning bolt was the symbol of Jupiter, the king of the gods (Jupiter was the Roman version of the Greek god Zeus, who threw thunderbolts from the sky).

We made Roman Shields…



And Roman helmets…



The children also made their age in Roman numerals…


Thanks for reading!

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Donna x




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