The observance of Carnival began in Italy as a celebration held by Catholics, before Ash Wednesday, the first day of Lent, a six-week period of fasting and abstinence that ends at Easter. Eating meat was prohibited during Lent, and the origin of the word “carnival” comes from ‘carne levare’ meaning “to remove meat”; or “carne vale” or “farewell to meat.”
The Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Carnival and other Pre-Lenten celebrations are observed throughout the world from New Orleans’ Mardi Gras to Ecuador’s Fiesta de las Flores y las Frutas, in Brazil the four days before Ash Wednesday, mark the country’s biggest holiday. Especially in Rio, the birthplace of samba music, the Carnival celebrations have become world renowned.
The first records of Carnival festivities in Rio de Janeiro date back to 1723. Immigrants from the Portuguese islands introduced the ‘Entrudo’. The idea was basically getting everybody soaking wet! People would go out in the streets with buckets of water and limes, and anyone could be a potential victim!
During the 19th Century different groups began to add to the celebrations in Rio. Some of them were “Grandes Sociedades” (Great Societies) luxurious parades held by aristocrats, and “Ranchos Carnavalescos”, organised working class parades. There were ‘Cordoes’ which were less organised groups of lower class masked and parading revellers.
Culture for Kids celebrated Brazil Carnival with making masks…
For our collaborative art project, we filled a tree with parrots 🙂 …
Sensory beads and fabric…
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