Pelton Mining Heritage 🙂
The mini-explorers got to learn about their own local mining heritage in this session and their most favourite part was the mining carts and coal where they could role play miners…
I provided them with their very own pick axes… made from pipe insulation, craft foam and electrical tape… you might recognise these from the Knights and Dragons session, as they are upcycled from the lances we used that day!
The Victorians thought child labour was a normal way of life and most children started working underground when they were 8 years old, some as young as 5! They would work the same hours as an adult but paid much less. ‘Putters’ was the name given to the children who pushed the carts along the tunnels, ‘trappers’ were responsible for opening and shutting wooden doors to let air into the tunnels. A trappers boy would often have to sit in the dark with a candle and no one to talk to. Some started at 2am and worked an 18 hour day.
We made these gorgeous miners lamps with plastic bottles, metallic card and flameless candles…
The Children created mining scenes using a similar technique to the Rose Window craft at the Durham World Heritage Session. A frame was cut from black card and covered with sticky back plastic, then the children used black shapes to form silhouettes and coloured tissue paper to create sunsets.
Most of the energy we use today comes in the form of electricity or oil. In Victorian times, came from either water wheels and burning coal. Coal was as important then as oil in now. Most coal was dug from deep mines with a long vertical shaft dug deep underground, leading to tunnels. Miners were lowered down with a lift and they hacked at coal with picks and shovels.
The children explored pit art and did some of their own…
And we had the magnifying glasses out so the children could explore mining pictures from Pelton Community Centre and maps we had dotted about the walls.
Thanks for reading!