Exploring Ancient Greece!

Ancient Greece is fascinating and there is so much for the mini-explorers to learn about! I had great fun planning this group, definitely my favourite 😊

2015-12-11 23.33.31

The first Olympics

The first olympics took place from 776BC to 394AD in Olympia, Greece. The original competitors were from the five territories in Greece, this is what the five rings symbolise. Each town had its own ideas and values about competition. A truce was ordered so that competitors could travel in safety to the Olympic games.

2015-12-11 23.31.12

An excellent resource for Ancient Greece learning can be found at, teachers pay teachers, for a miniscule $1 and certainly worth it.

The blue ring represents Sparta. The Spartans were taught to lie cheat and steal… but not get caught!

The yellow ring represents Athens. The Athenians were taught to be model upright citizens. Their immediate rivals were the Spartans, but they would never cheat to win. They felt they wouldn’t need to as they were superior to everyone else because they live in Athena.

The black ring represents Argos. The Argives felt overshadowed by the Spartans and the Athenians and would rather support Corinth or Magara if they couldn’t win.

The red ring represents Corinth. The Corinthians were creative, problem solving people. They are good sportsmen who would cheer anyone on, but would prefer Megara or Agos to win if they did not.

The green ring represents Megara. The Megarians are shoved out by Sparta and Athens so they would prefer someone else to win. There were wise business bin and very rational thinkers.

20151211_132510

At the first Olympics there was, running,  javelin, discus and long jump. I created tracks by taping masking tape on the floor in the session, this was a very popular activity the children loved our mini-olympics!

Greek Vases

The Ancient Greeks decorated almost every part of their lives, from their buildings and city streets to the inside of their homes, many objects in Greek life were created with beauty in mind.

However, very few Greek painted pictures have survived the 2500 years since they were painted. So most of what we know about Greek Art comes from the pictures they painted on fancy pottery. Pottery, even if it gets broken, can be put back together, and a lot of it has even survived whole.

A painter would be called to decorate pots after they were made. They were often decorated with a favourite story or myth or one of the gods such as Apollo or a hero such as Achilles.

The Greeks used to describe the different parts of the pots with names for parts of the human body. For example, handles were called ears and bases were called feet.

20151211_134054-1-1

This craft was created using coloured card which was cut into the shape of a Grecian vase and painted over with black paint mixed with a few drops of washing up liquid (washing up liquid is very important so that the paint scratches off easily), then the children could scratch their own patterns onto the vase.

Trojan horse

Almost 3000 years ago, the Trojans and Greeks fought a long and terrible war because the Trojans had captured the beautiful Greek princess Helen. The Greeks fought a battle with Troy but could not get in the tall strong walls around the city. They tried everything but it began to look that Greeks would loose the battle.

So the Greeks thought that if they could not win the battle with their physical strength then they should win it with their brains. They thought of a smart trick. They started building a wooden horse. The Trojans kept wondering why the Greeks were building a horse. Some laughed and some were puzzled. Then one day when they saw the Greek armies sailing away, they got confused. Soon in few days, all the warships, army tents and armies disappeared. The only thing that remained were the 80 ft tall strange wooden horse.

Some Trojan wanted to burn the horse but the King was too proud of defeating Greeks and ordered to bring the horse inside the city walls as a symbol of their victory. After pulling the horse inside they partied and danced all night. Then they went to sleep. It was now that the Greeks played the rest of their trick. Not all the Greeks had sailed away on the warships. A very brave Greek soldier named Odysseus had chosen some tough fighting men to hide inside the hollow wooden horse. Around thirty soldiers stepped out in the dark and signaled their warships that had been hiding around a nearby island. Then they opened the Trojan city gates and the Greek army swarmed in.

The Greeks caught the Trojans completely off guard. After a fierce battle  they took princess Helen back to Greece.

2015-12-11 23.36.59

Jade relaying the story of the Trojan Horse to a fellow mini-explorer 💖

Togas

20151211_133831

We had our pillowcase togas left from the Roman session 🙂 simply tied with gold ribbon for fancy dress.

20151211_133621

20151211_133551

We also made Olympic torches from a toilet roll tube, tinfoil and yellow and red tissue paper for our champions 🙂

Medals were made from gold card, fringed crepe paper and glitter glue, with a ribbon to hang around the neck.

The origin of our alphabet

Since about 750 BC or for the last 2750 years, the Greek alphabet has been in use. The Greek alphabet was developed from the Canaanite/Phoenician alphabet and the order and names of the letters are believed to have derived from Phoenican.

The Greek alphabet was developed from the Phoenician alphabet and has been in use since the late 9th or early 8th century BC. The word alphabet itself comes from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet.

The Greek alphabet gave rise to Latin, Cyrillic, gothic and various other alphabets. The Greek alphabet has 24 letters.

20151211_131201

20151211_131222

Special thanks to my gorgeous little helper 😊

20151211_121615

Thanks for reading, please follow culture for Kids for more updates and ideas 🙂

Donna x

 

Advertisements

2 thoughts on “Exploring Ancient Greece!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s